This site is a work-in-progress. There is a massive amount to cover. I have included both male and female lines.
Keep coming back for more.
The generations are numbered working back from Jack's as (1)
WILLIAM THOMAS RILEY and SARAH HARGREAVES (4)
His family moved to Burnley between 1845, when his younger sister was baptised in Skipton, and 1851. In the 1851 census, 8-year-old William is the fifth of six children living with his parents at 102 White Lion Street in Burnley. His father is an overlooker in a cotton mill and Williamís two teenage brothers are also working at cotton spinning.
He and his family have not been found in the 1861 census.
William was already a widower when he married Sarah Hargreaves . His first wife was Elizabeth Crossland. She married William Thomas Riley in the second quarter of 1868 in the Burnley district.
Elizabeth appears in the 1861 census living in Habergham Eaves with her parents and six siblings. Her father was a coal miner. Her motherís name was Martha A. Judging from the childrenís birthplaces, the family had lived a peripatetic life, Elizabeth was born in Bellingham, Northumberland.
At the time of the 1861 census she was 13 years old and a Cotton Power Loom Weaver, as were her two elder sisters.
It was a brief and tragic marriage. William and Elizabeth had a daughter. Martha Ann, named after Elizabethís mother, who was baptised in Habergham Eaves, Burnley, on 24 March 1871. Elizabeth died in the 1 st quarter of 1871, presumably in childbirth, at the age of 22, William was left with his infant daughter.
1871 Census. 144 Berwick Street, Habergham Eaves
William T Riley Lodger Widower 28 Cotton Weaver Yorks, Skipton
Martha A Riley Daugh 1 month Lancs, Habergham Eaves
Martha Ann lived only a matter of months. Her death was registered in the Burnley district in the last quarter of 1871.
SARAH HARGREAVES was born in Todmorden, Yorkshire, on 28 May 1850. She was the daughter of James Hargreaves , weaver, and Sarah Buck . The family were then living at Gutroyd, Langfield, between Todmorden and Halifax.
in the Sub-district of Todmorden in the Counties of York & Lancaster
At the time of her marriage Sarah was 23, living in Barrack Road and working as a winder.
William and Sarah were married by banns at Holy Trinity Church, Habergham Eaves,
Burnley, on 4 April 1874. Sarahís father is recorded as 'James Hargreaves, Deceased'.
William was 31 at the time of his marriage, and a weaver.
Their children were born in Burnley.
At the 1881 census William is aged 38 and a cotton weaver. Sarah is 30 and a cotton winder. The couple are living with their first three children, Tom, Emma and Annie , at 26 Roebuck Street, Habergham Eaves.
1881 Census 26 Roebuck Street, Habergham Eaves, Burnley, Lancashire
William Riley Head M 38 Cotton Weaver Skipton
Sarah Riley Wife M 30 Cotton Winder Todmorden
Tom Riley Son 5 Scholar Burnley
Emma Riley Dau 3 Burnley
Annie Riley Dau 1 Burnley
There were eight children in all:
Thomas, born in Burnley c. 1875-6
Emma, born in Burnley c. 1877-8.
Annie , born 12 September 1879.
Ethel, born 1883-4
Edward, born 1886-7.
Harry, born 1888-9. Edith Tootle said that Annie Riley had an illegitimate son called Harry, who was brought up as Annieís brother and died at the end of the first world war. However, when this Harry Riley was born Annie would only have been 10.
Sarah Ann, born 1891, who died aged 17.
The family were still at the same address in 1891. Sarahís birthplace is given as Gutter Hole.
1891 census. 26 Roebuck Street, Habergham Eaves, Burnlely
William T Riley Head M 48 Cotton weaver Skipton, Yorks
Sarah Riley Wife M 40 Gutter Hole, Yorks
William Tom Son S 15 Cotton weaver Burnley, Lancs
Emma Daur S 13 Cotton weaver Burnley, Lancs
Annie daur S 11 Cotton weaver Burnley, Lancs
Ada daur S 9 Scholar Burnley, Lancs
Edward son S 5 Scholar Burnley, Lancs
Harry son S 2 Burnley, Lancs
Sarah daur S 2 mths Burnley, Lancs
Ethel had probably died.
William left the cotton mill for a while. In the 1901 census, he is working as a grocerís assistant. It may have been an accident or illness which prevented him from continuing work with the weaving machines. All the older children are working as cotton weavers.
The family had moved to St Johnís Road.
1901 Census. 22A St Johnís Road, Lowerhouse, Burnley.
Wm Thos Riley Head M 58 Grocerís assistant Skipton, Yorks
Sarah Riley Wife M 50 Todmorden, Yorks
Annie Riley daur S 21 Cotton weaver Burnley, Lancs
Ada Riley daur S 19 Cotton weaver Burnley, Lancs
Edward Harrison Riley son S 15 Cotton weaver Burnley, Lancs
Harry Riley son S 12 Cotton weaver Burnley, Lancs
Sarah Ann Riley daur S 10 Burnley, Lancs
Mary Ethel Riley daur S 6 Burnley, Lancs
Zion Methodist chapel was on Roebuck Street, where the family were living in 1881. It later moved to become Jubilee Methodist Church, where in 1904 William and Sarahís daughter Annie married Robert Tootle , whose father was a founding trustee of Jubilee. It is possible that the two families knew each other through this chapel congregation. The church history notes:
Missionaries and Gospel Bands held prayer meetings in cottages and witnessed in the expanding area. A group, called the Ranters, met for worship in a cottage in Thompson Street (Gannow Top area) in 1864. By about 1869 the Zion Primitive Methodist Chapel was opened on Roebuck Street. In 1899 Zion officials and the Superintendent of the Circuit decided that new premises were needed to serve the growing area and so Jubilee Methodist Church was built. Its first stone was laid during the Jubilee celebrations of Bethel Methodist Church in 1902. Jubilee opened on Saturday 10 October 1903.
In 1904 William was again recorded on his daughter Annie ís wedding certificate as a cotton weaver. The family were still living at 22a St Johnís Road, Burnley.
By the time of 1911 census he had retired and was still living at St Johnís Road, with Sarah, three of their children and a son-in-law..
William Thomas Riley Head 68 Marr Retd Weaver Skipton
Sarah Riley Wife 60 Marr Retd Winder Todmorden
Harry Riley Son 22 Single Weaver Cotton Worker Burnley
Mary Ethel Riley Daughter 16 Single Weaver Cotton Worker Burnley
Fred Yates Relative 30 Marri Weaver Cotton Worker Burnley
Ada Yates Daughter 29 Marr Weaver Cotton Worker Burnley
The census shows that Sarah had been in her present marriage for 36 years and had 9 children from it born alive, of which 7 were still living. It says that none of those registered suffered from an infirmity.
William died on 24 May 1913 at the age of 70. He did not live to see the effect of the First World War on his family.
All three of William and Sarahís sons joined the wartime army. East Lancashire Regiment on-line records show volunteers before 1916. They include:
Riley, Sgt. Thomas, 15666; wounded. 1st July 1916. [20,21C]. He would have been 40 at this time.
Riley, Pte. E., 18067 or 18068 [21E,45] Riley, Pte Ed. [21A]
The youngest, Harry, died in the last year of the war, at the age of 29.
Private H RILEY
2nd Bn. Lancashire Fusiliers
who died on Tuesday, 28th May 1918
Remembered with honour
PERNES BRITISH CEMETERY, Pas de Calais, France.
On 28 March 1910 Ada married Fred Yates. She was a 28-year-old cotton weaver; he was a 29-year-old coalminer. Their son Harry Yates was born in1913. They lived in the family home at 22a St Johnís Road, Burnley.
On the outbreak of the First World War, Fred Yates joined the Coldstream Guards. He was wounded, and Harry remembers being taken to see him when he was convalescing in hospital in Worksop. He saw his father only once more.
Fred Yates is said to have run off with one of the nurses. Ada and young Harry were left in poverty, because Ada could not prove whether her husband was dead or alive. Her sisters would sometimes cook extra food to take round to her. When Harry was in his teens and an apprentice painter and decorator, he came home one day to find a strange man sitting in a chair. He was told, ĎItís your Dadí. Harry had no wish to know him, and walked out.
Harry married Nellie Harker, a primary school teacher. Before their marriage, she was in a shop in Padiham when a man came in and asked about Harry. She was told, ĎThat was Fred Yates.í Harry later learned that he had a sister and three brothers.
Next Generation: 3. TOOTLE-RILEY
Previous Generations: 5. RILEY-HARRISON