This site is a work-in-progress. There is a massive amount to cover. I have included both male and female lines.
Keep coming back for more.
The generations are numbered working back from Jack's as (1)
WILLIAM BUCK and ELIZABETH (8)
‘The gentleman who established the practice here was the son of William Buck Esq. who was a Solicitor in Gargrave over a century ago.’
Other members of the Buck family were doctors and lawyers in the area.
William’s age is given as 25 on the transcript of the marriage licence issued in Nov 1751 for him to wed Elizabeth Taylor . This would give him a birth date in 1726, or the end of 1725. A William Buck of this age does not appear in the Gargrave baptism register. No plausible baptism has yet been found for him.
Since he was a solicitor of Gargrave, it is tempting to see him as William , son of John Buck , attorney of Gargrave, born in Bradford in 1713. John Buck came from a long line of millers in Idle, on the outskirts of Bradford, going back to the 16 th century. But this William would have been 38 at the time of this marriage, too old to be Elizabeth’s husband, if the transcript is right. There are baptisms at the right time for William Buck of Hampsthwaite, where the marriage took place, and William Buck of Addingham, less than 10 miles from Gargrave. But the first died two months later, and the second before reaching adulthood.
There were several Buck families in Gargrave, mostly in the outlying townships of Eshton, Flasby and Bank Newton. Some of them were considerable farmers. They also were known as gentlemen. None of them had a son William around this time.
At first I was reluctant to assume that the transcript was in error, just because this would produce the result I wanted. But research into other families in the Craven area have made me change my mind.
1. All the evidence points to there being only one William Buck , gentleman and attorney, in 18 th century Gargrave: one baptism, one marriage, one set of baptisms for his children, one burial. I have searched for evidence of a second William Buck, but have found none.
2. There are no defining details in the registers, such as “the elder” or the name of his residence in Gargrave, which as are often given where there are two men of the same name.
3. In my researches for this part of Yorkshire I have come across a large number of transcription errors where I have been able to check the transcript against the original.
4. I originally had doubts about this marriage being for John Buck’s son because 38 seemed rather late for a first marriage. But my researches have shown that it was not uncommon for men in this area to marry in their late 30s or early 40s.
I now think that the balance of probability is in favour of this marriage being for William , son of John Buck , and that there is a mistake in the transcript.
William son of John Buck was baptised in Bradford in 1713
1713. Nov 10. William son of John Buck Attorney at Law in Bradford.
He was the third of four children. His father is referred to as a gentleman.
William may have spent some of his later childhood at the family property of Idle Mills, just outside Bradford.
His father eventually lost Idle Mills and the surrounding properties when he took out a large loan using them as security, which he was unable to repay. The money seems to have gone on acquiring the large house of Brockabank outside Gargrave. By 1729 John Buck was living there. William’s older brother John stayed in Calverly parish, which includes Idle, and became an attorney there. William seems to have gone to Gargrave with his father and his two sisters. He would have been living there by the time he was 16.
Writing of the Gargrave area in England’s Gazetteer of 1750, Stephen Whatley says that the River Aire winds so much there that he was forced to cross it seven times within half an hour’s journey. It was a favourite hunting place for gentlemen of Yorkshire and the surrounding counties.
In 1732 we have Articles of clerkship (as a solicitor or attorney) for William Buck , articled to John Buck . We do not know where these articles were drawn up, but if these are the Bucks of Gargrave, William would have been 19.
William Buck himself took on a solicitor’s clerk.
William Buck was married in St Saviour’s church at Thornthwaite in December 1751.
ELIZABETH TAYLOR. This was not Elizabeth’s maiden name. She was a widow of 22 when she married William . She was then said to be “of Skipton”.
Since she married in the parish of Hampsthwaite, it is possible that she was born there. There are two possible baptisms. We know that Elizabeth Pullein married someone else. This leaves:
1729 Elizth dr of Wm Bramley weaver baptd Oct 15 th
We do not know what happened to this Elizabeth. She may have married a man called Taylor.
Her first marriage has not been found, nor her husband’s death. There were children born in Skipton to John Taylor, weaver, and his wife Elizabeth, but he died in 1779, far too late for Elizabeth’s remarriage..
We do not know if there were children of this first marriage.
There are several records of Elizabeth’s marriage to William , giving different information.
The Archbishop of York’s Marriage Licence Index gives details about their ages:
28 Nov 1751 William Buck age 25 of Gargrave and Elisabeth Taylor age 22 of Skipton. Intended marriage place: SEE NOTES.
In fact, the marriage took place at Thornthwaite, a chapel of ease in the parish of Hampsthwaite.
The bridegroom’s age is given as 25. John Buck’ s son would have been 38. We do not have access to the original of the marriage licence. On careful consideration, I believe this transcribed age to be a mistake.
The Hampsthwaite register has two sections for 1751. Marriages for ye year 1751 , followed by Marriages from ye Chapel 1751 . In this second section we find:
Wm Buck of Gargrave Gentelmn and Elizth Taylor of Skipton widw by a Licence from Mr Yeats Dec 2 nd
This was one of only two marriages at Thornthwaite that year.
The transcribed index of Yorkshire Marriages gives the bride’s parish as Hampsthwaite, not Skipton.
Hampsthwaite lies near Harrogate. Thornthwaite is 8 miles west, nearer to Skipton. Gargrave is 12 miles further west.
Skipton, where Elizabeth Taylor was living is near Gargrave. The couple may have met there.
The question is why the couple married in Thornthwaite. Marriages usually take place in the bride’s parish. Skipton would have been considerably nearer Gargrave. It may be that Hampsthwaite was Elizabeth’s birthplace and she was resident in Skipton because she had moved there on her first marriage.
The marriage between William and Elizabeth was followed by two baptisms in St Andrew’s, Gargrave.
1752 Dec 14. Jn o son of Mr William and Elizabeth Buck of Gargrave.
1755 Oct 14. Wm son of Mr Wm Buck & Eliz: his wife of Gargrave.
At this period only men of high social standing were called ‘Mister’.
Neither the marriage records nor these baptism entries identify William as a lawyer.
But the date of death of John Buck of Colne
fits exactly with his being William and Elizabeth’s older son.
LEASE AND RELEASE AND ABSTRACT FOR REGISTRATION. 22/23 April.
1) Sir Ralph Assheton of Middleton, bart
2) William Buck of Gargrave in Craven, gent
Premises: Those of E7/14/3/7 and /10 occupied by John Buck decd, which George Holden had leased to William Ewbank
Seal of (1)
The entry does not give the year, but it appears to be between 1758, when John Buck died, and 1761.
The premises included Idle Mill with several closes, and Crossber Nook. Idle Mill had been in the Buck family for many generations, until John Buck’s time.
In 1759 we see the first of a long series of baptisms to John and Ann Buck, of Newton Hall and then of Bank Newton in Gargrave. This John Buck was a wealthy farmer, probably from a family of Bucks who had been in Gargrave for some time. We do not know how this family may be related to the Bucks who came from Idle.
On 26 Apr 1761 there is a letter from ..... at Gargrave to Sir Ralph Assheton
This probably refers to the transaction with William Buck above.
William and Elizabeth’s elder son John left Gargrave to pursue a medical career. In 1777 he set up his practice in Colne. We do not know what happened to their younger son William.
John Buck of Colne kept up his links with his family home. He brought three children who died in infancy to be buried in Gargrave, and he and his wife were also buried there.
For the trusts of Idle Chapel by Henry Slater of Idle drysalter, and William Buck of Gargrave, gent. (both sons of deceased trustees), vesting the following property jointly in themselves and William Rookes of Esholt, James Booth of Idle gent. Robert Greene of Eccleshill gent, and John Ledgard of Idle, gent. (the new trustees):- a messuage in Idle with barn and shop in occupation of George Waring with the Pasture close, Middle close, Farr close and Tanhouse close; also Good Holm Royd; the Intacks at Thackley; 4 closes called the Intacks on the Common of Idle.
The office of trustee appears to be hereditary. Both William’s father and grandfather were trustees.
From Henry Slater of Idle drysalter, (son of Thomas Slater) and William Buck of Gargrave (son of John Buck of Gargrave) to William Rookes of Esholt, James Booth of Idle, Robert Greene of Eccleshill and John Ledgard of Idle, of a messuage in Idle occupied by George Waring, with the Pasture close, Middle close, far close and the Tan-house close, Goodholm close in Idle, the Intacks at Thackley and the Intacks on the common of Idle.
William died in 1783, six years after his son John began to practice medicine in Colne.
1783 Oct 11. Mr William Buck Attorney of Gargrave.
His death was recorded in the Leeds Intelligencer of 21 October 1783.
“A few days ago died, Mr William Buck, Attorney at Law, of Gargrave, in Craven.”
We have no information about Elizabeth’s death. The fact that the couple had only two children suggests that she may have died soon after young William’s birth.
Next Generation: 7. BUCK
Previous Generations: 9. BUCK-GARTH