Alan March’s Family History
This site is a work-in-progress. There is a massive amount to cover. I have included both male and female lines, and some go back many generations. Keep coming back for more.
I have numbered the generations working backwards from Alan’s as (1)(1)
HENRY MONK and MARY EUSTACE (6)
HENRY MONK came from a farming family in Buckinghamshire. The family were concentrated in Stone, a village adjacent to Waddesdon, where we find Henry later in life.
He was baptised in Stone on 26 Apr 1786, the son of an older Henry Monk and Elizabeth Woodman. He was the oldest of ten children..
MARY EUSTACE. We know from the 1851 census that Mary was born in Ellesborough, a village 5 miles south of Aylesbury, at the foot of the Chilterns, around 1786. We have not found her baptism, but the clue to her parentage lies elsewhere in that census.
Henry Eustace is a 60-year-old, unmarried farmer at Grove Farm, Ellesborough. With him is his niece, Sarah Monk, born in Waddesdon and working as his housekeeper. There was only one Monk family in Waddesdon then, so this must be Henry and Mary Monk’s daughter, which makes Henry Eustace Mary’s brother.
We do not have Mary’s baptism, but we do have Henry’s and that of three of his siblings. From this we learn that their parents were Farmer Eustace and his wife Mary. We might have thought that Farmer Eustace was an honorific title, but it was his baptismal name, as we find from his tombstone in Stone churchyard. From this we also learn that he too lived at Grove Farm, so this must be where Mary junior grew up. Henry Eustace had a farm of 200 acres and employed 8 labourers.
Their mother was Mary Monk from Stone, the village adjacent to Waddesdon where Henry Monk was also born. Evidently Henry Monk and Mary Eustace were cousins. This explains how Henry came to choose a bride from 9 miles away.
Mary appears to be the oldest in the family. She had two younger brothers and two sisters. There may be other siblings whose baptisms are also missing.
Her father died in 1794, when Mary was eight. We not know who took over the farm. It would have been many years before 6-year-old Henry Eustace could. It was probably run by their mother, who was herself from a farming family.
Henry Monk’s father was buried at St John the Baptist, Stone, on 7 Mar 1814, when his son was 28. As the eldest son, Henry would have been his principal heir. Despite this, he did not take on the family farm in Stone, but farmed at Sheepcote Hill, just across the boundary in the parish of Waddesdon. His father may have set him up in this farm before he died.
He was a dairy farmer.
The year after his father’s death, Henry married Mary Eustace in Ellesborough.
1815 Aug 3 Henry Monk of Waddesdon and Mary Eustace of Ellesborough.
Witnesses: E Eustace and Edwd Monk.
They were married by licence.
The witness E Eustace may be Mary’s sister Elizabeth. Edward Monk was Henry’s brother, the second in the family.
Their first child Henry junior was baptised at St Michael and all Angels in Waddesdon on 27 Jun 1816, the son of Henry Monk, farmer, and his wife Mary, of Sheepcote Hill, Waddesdon.
Waddesdon is on the main road from Aylesbury, 6 m to the NW. Sheepcote Hill lies SE of the village, halfway between Waddesdon and Stone.
Henry junior was the oldest of their children, and their only son.
He was followed by at least three daughters. They were baptised, not in Waddesdon, but in Stone. The position of Sheepcote Hill made it easy for the family to use either church.
1818 Sep 30 Mary res. Waddesdon Yeoman
1820 May 14 Elizabeth res: Waddesdon Yeoman
1821 Jul 22 Henrietta res: Waddesdon Farmer
We have no further evidence of Elizabeth, but we know that there was a daughter Sarah, born around 1820, whose baptism we do not have.
The Monks owned property beyond Stone and Waddesdon. On the 12 Aug 1819 we have a release of rights of way concerning a house in Temple Square, Aylesbury, between:
(1) John Marshall of Amersham, gent, (2) Rev. William Oddie the Younger and John Grace, joint executors of the will of Eliseus Webb, dec’d, (3) Elizabeth Monk of Stone, widow, and (4) Henry Monk of Sheepcote Hill, Waddesdon. Elizabeth was Henry’s mother. 
This cites the agreement made some years previously between the then proprietors of the two adjoining messuages, now in the respective occupations of Edward Monk and Joseph Russell.
On 27 July 1820 we have the following mortgage.
Mortgage for securing £500 and interest at 5%
Property in Temple Square and Rickfords Hill, Aylesbury
(1) Elizabeth Monk of Stone, widow and relict of Henry Monk, late of Stone, yeo., dec’d., and daughter of John Woodman of Stone, dec’d., and Henry Monk of Sheepcote Hill in parish of Waddesdon, dairyman, eldest son and heir at law of said Henry Monk dec’d
(2) Eliseus Webb of Bierton, yeo
John Hyriott is the occupier of adjoining messuage to the south.
Covenant to keep the property insured and repaired
In 1829 Henry Monk was one of two churchwardens at St Michael and all Angels, Waddesdon.
In 1830 there was an outbreak of machine-breaking in Waddesdon and other Buckinghamshire parishes. Property destroyed in Waddesdon included a drainage plough and a chaff-cutting machine. The farmer concerned said the chaff -cuttting machine needed three men to work it, so it was not putting people out of employment. On another farm, a thrashing machine was wrecked by a crowd of 100 men. On yet another farm, a winnowing machine was the victim. In the neighbouring parish of Stone, the crowd destroyed all the machines of Mr Monk they could find. This was probably John Monk, Henry’s brother. Henry Monk gave evidence of the machine-breaking.
In Waddesdon alone, 28 men were committed for trial, 8 were admitted to bail, and 7 were discharged. There were similar numbers in neighbouring parishes as the increasing mechanisation of farms threatened the livelihoods of agricultural workers.
The reason Henry Monk’s farm was not targeted was probably because it was a dairy farm, which did not have the labour-saving agricultural machinery.
One of the men convicted was Emily Evans’ grandfather, John Evans. He was found guilty of smashing a winnowing machine. His counsel pleaded for leniency on the grounds that he had not taken part in the accompanying riot and had a previously good character. He was sentenced to be imprisoned for six weeks with hard labour. He escaped lightly. 32 men were originally sentenced to death. 28 of them had their sentences commuted to transportation to Van Diemens Land (Tasmania), making the number of transportations 32. Two others were imprisoned for life.
On 22 Apr 1837 there is an assignment of mortgage between the following parties. 
(1) Charles Hoare of Great Missenden, farmer, and James Potter of the same, auctioneer, (2) Thomas Thorne the Younger of Bierton, farmer, and Mary his wife late Mary Hoare, spinster, (3) Henry Monk of Sheepcote Hill in Waddesdon, dairyman, (4) John Monk of Stone, yeoman, and (5) Richard Rose of Aylesbury, gent
House in Temple Square, Aylesbury.
Assignment to (5) in trust for (4)
John Monk is probably Henry’s brother.
There was yet another document relating to the house in Aylesbury.
Lease and release. House in Temple Square.
21, 22 Apr 1837.
(1) Henry Monk of Sheepcote Hill in the parish of Waddesdon, dairyman, eldest son and heir at law of Henry Monk late of Stone, yeoman, dec’d. intestate, who hath survived Elizabeth Monk, widow [endorsed on previous deed] his mother, now also dec’d.
(2) John Monk of Stone, yeo.
Messuage in Temple Street now in the occupation of Thomas Collett, the messuage of James Henry Marshall on the north and messuage in occupation of Thomas Woodman on south.
The 1841 census finds the Monks with their son Henry, but not their daughters.
1841 Census. Eythrope, Waddesdon, Aylesbury.
Henry Monk 50 Farmer Y
Mary Monk 50 Y
Henry Monk 20 Y
James Southam 15 M S Y
Mary Dearing 20 F S Y
MS and FS are male and female servants.
Ages have been rounded down to the nearest 5. The older Henry was 54 and the younger 23.
Eythrope is in the SE of the parish, adjacent to Stone.
Their daughters Henrietta and Sarah Monk are staying at Grove Farm, Ellesborough with their uncle Henry Eustace.
In 1842, Henry Monk and George Humphrey were appointed Overseers of the Poor for Waddesdon. It was their job to oversee the expenditure of the Poor Rate for those in need.
1851 Census. Shapcott Hill, Waddesdon.
Henry Monk Head Mar 65 Farmer of 250 acres Stone
Employing 9 Labourers
Mary Monk Wife Mar 65 Ellesborough
Henry Monk Son U 33 Waddesdon
Mary Norwood Serv U 10 General Sern Halcot
Jos Bowden Serv U 21 General Sern F S Waddesdon
Mary Monk of Sheepcothill was buried in the Monks’ ancestral home of Stone on 2 Mar 1853. She was aged 66.
Henry died three years later. He too was buried in Stone, on 30 June 1856, aged 70.
NEXT GENERATION: 5. MONK-EVANS
PREVIOUS GENERATIONS: 7. MONK-WOODMAN